Autograph Albums (Alba Amicorum)
With funds from Riksbankens Jubileumsfond, Uppsala University Library's collection of autograph albums has been catalogued and digitised.
All the autograph albums are now available in digital form:
Autograph albums in Uppsala University Library.
What is an autograph album?
An autograph album is a type of friendship album primarily used by students at German-speaking universities. The tradition of carrying an autograph album emerged in Germany during the Reformation. Autograph albums were mainly used to collect greetings, or inscriptions, from fellow students and professors.
Autograph albums became popular among the nobility, theologians and more, until finally becoming a phenomenon that spread beyond Germany to Scandinavia. However, autograph albums contain more than just inscriptions; they are also often artistically decorated with pictures, drawings and crests. The tradition of carrying an autograph album lasted into the twentieth century.
An autograph album was typically a volume of originally blank pages on which inscriptions were written. An autograph album entry is structured with the actual text, such as a quotation or adage, followed by a dedication that usually includes information about the place and date, and the signature. The most common languages to appear in autograph albums are German and Latin, but inscriptions are also in Greek, Hebrew, French, and other European vernaculars.
SOURCES OF FAMILIARITY WITH CULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
An autograph album collection as a whole reflects an extensive cultural development: the book is not an isolated phenomenon, but a genre influenced by the tastes and styles of various eras as regards both form and content, and it evolves accordingly. The writing and quotation style in autograph albums changes over the centuries, thus helping to describe a cultural evolution. Autograph albums are deeply interesting from a socio-historical perspective, as the quotations in the entries can be directly connected to the people who wrote them.
Autograph albums are of enormous cultural-historical value and interesting to researchers from numerous scientific disciplines, including linguists and linguistic historians, historians of science and culture, heraldists, art historians, genealogists, personal historians and historically oriented sociologists.
THE FACEBOOK OF THE PAST
Autograph albums allow for the investigation of the social network that existed among scholars, nobility, theologians and other high-ranking individuals of the sixteenth to nineteenth centuries. These people commonly met one another on their Grand Tours and signed one another’s autograph albums. By following the autographs in an individual’s autograph album, both contacts and routes through Europe can be mapped and analysed. Autograph albums thus served a similar function to Facebook today.
LARGEST IN SWEDEN
Uppsala University Library’s collection of autograph albums is the largest in Sweden. It includes approximately 150 autograph albums from the late sixteenth century through the first half of the twentieth century. There are autograph albums here of major cultural-historical interest, such as those of botanist Carl Peter Thunberg, baroness Magdalena von Beskow, poet and professor of aesthetics in Uppsala Carl Wilhelm Böttiger, Princess Cecilia of Sweden (daughter of Gustav IV Adolf), and the author Ernst Malmberg.
The total number of inscriptions amounts to approximately 11,200. They include entries from Carl Linnaeus, H.C. Andersen, Alexander von Humboldt, Isaac Newton, Goethe, Esaias Tegnér, Per Daniel Amadeus Atterbom, Erik Gustaf Geijer, Fredrika Bremer, Victor Hugo, Knut Hamsun, John Bauer, Elin Wägner and more.
Project Gottfried Schröers autograph album
Gottfried Schröer's autograph album covers two periods, 1636-1654 and 1740-1742. It is interesting from a lot of perspectives. It contains beautiful watercolours, and on 19 leaves there is a complete series of Jan Boel's Cor Jesu amanti sacrum, probably engraved by Antoon Wiericz. The autograph album contains 79 inscriptions, the first by "Carolus Gustavus Comes Palatinus Rheni", later Charles X Gustav of Sweden. In the album follows Johan Rosenhane, Magnus Gabriel De la Gardie and other distinguished men at the time. The album also contains a number of inscriptions from Swedish noblemen, especially from the Sparre family, but also from such as Oxenstierna and Leijonhufvud.
The project focuses mainly on nobility. The purpose is to examine how the noblemen use the album to present themselves, for instance how they through the choice of language, quotes, proximity to image material and other inscriptions, give a picture of their person. In addition to the survey, the project also aims to catalogue the album in depth.
The project has received funding from the F. Tersmeden’s and I. Arfwedson, born Tersmeden, Foundation.